What Is A Fire Door?
A fire occurring in a building can result in loss of life a cause serious damage. The spread of fire within a building is usually a result of the fire taking advantage of any weakness in the construction, by burning through the building materials or by conducting heat through the structure. Fire, hot gases and smoke can spread through stairways, lifts, corridors, ducts and other cavities.
Fire doors are one component of a fire containment system, they provide a physical barrier between fire compartments. A fire rated doorset consists of a door leaf, door frame, with hardware such as closers, handles, locks, vision panels, air grilles.
Fire rated doorsets must be self closing and self latching to be certified and when installed correctly with approved hardware, a tag and certificate is.
Why Do Buildings Have Fire Doors?
The Building Code of Australia volume 1 parts C2.12, C2.13, C3.4 to C3.8, C3.10, C3.11, D1.7, D1.8, D1.12, D2.8,D2.19, G3.4 and H1.3 detail the mandatory requirement for fire doors to be provide.
Where Should Fire Doors Be Located?
Smoke compartmentation is a mandated requirement of the Building Code of Australia. There are no simple rules to follow because each building is different, both in its layout, use and fire risks.
Australian Standard AS1905.1 specifies requirements for the construction and installation of fire-resistant doorsets that are used to protect openings in walls.
Fire Door Signage
Fire door signage needs to comply with the legislation requirements that applied when the building was approved. The Building Code of Australia volume 1; Part D2.23, outlines the current requirements for door signage.
Maintenance, Inspection & Testing
Western Australia’s building legislation requires owners of Class 2 to Class 9 buildings (which includes residential apartments) to ensure the building’s firefighting services and equipment are maintained. This is to ensure that safety systems remain capable of performing to a standard not less than they were originally required and commissioned to achieve.
There is a financial penalty for noncompliance with the building legislation.
The Building Commission considers the adoption of Australian Standard AS1851-2012 Routine service of fire protection systems and equipment as good practice and a means for owners to ensure fire safety measures are serviced at regular frequencies to demonstrate suitable operation, and rectified or repaired if necessary to meet their regulatory obligation on maintenance.
AS1851 requires doors to be inspected every six months. There is an additional inspection and test checklists required to be undertaken yearly. Horizontal sliding doors must be inspected every three months.